Location : Between India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Area : 147,181 Sq. Kms. Latitude : 26* 12' and 30* 27' North. Longitude : 80* 4' and 88* 12' East. Capital : Kathmandu. People : 40 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages. Political-System : Multiparty Democracy with Constitutional Monarch. Topography : From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to highest point on earth 'The Everest'. Vegetation : As per the size of the country, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine deserts. Weather : Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes. Seasons : Winter (December-Feberuary), Summer (March-May), Monsoon (June-August), Autumn (September-November). Monsoon : Mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalyan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking.
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