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Information About Nepal
Nepal Trekking  SeasonsAndReasons
Daily Trek Routine
Culture Considerations
Disposal of Rubbish
Money To Bring With You
Treaking Permit
Travel Insurance

Imformation About Nepal:

Nepal is the home of 20 million people with language and customs as diverse as the terrain. From mountains to valley, plateaus to plains, ethnic groups vary as the climate. This mountainous rugged land contains 8 of the highest peaks in the world, the most famous peaks being the Everest, Kanchanjunga, Manaslu & Annapurna.

With few roads extending into hills and interiors, the country offers exceptional range of hikes and mountaineering tours from west to east. Journey in Nepal will take you through a country that has been explored by famous explores such as Hillary, Tenzing, Shipton for the last 100 years.


Capital : Kathmandu.

Population: 22 million.

Area : 56,629.83 Sq. Miles.

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Consists of northern two-third dominated by the Himalayan mountain range, and the southern third by the Ganges plain. There are about 240 peaks higher then 600m. Including Everest, the world’s highest at 8850m.

PEOPLE: Tribal groups including Gurung, Limbu, Mangar, Tamang, Newar, Tharu, Sherpa, Limbu and Rai. Major caste groups are Brahmins and Chetris. Large number of Indians and some Tibetans has made their home in Nepal.

LANGUAGE: Nepal 58% (Official Language), Newari 3% (Mainly in Kathmandu), Indian Language. (Mainly in Tarai) and other dozen or so languages dialects.

RELIGION: Officially 70% Hindu, 25% Buddhist, 3% Islamic. However Hinduism and Buddhism overlap great deal.

CLIMATE: Tropical and temperate depending on the altitude and time of the year. The cold season starts from October to March and is also the best time to visit the country. The night temperature drops to freezing point while the day temperature has a comfortable average 25-28 0 C. The sky is generally very clear and bright; air is dry and warm. In April, May and early June, the weather, becomes hot and stuffy, with occasional evening thunder-`storms. Nature is in full bloom though the landscapes are hidden in heat mist with temperature between 30-38 0 C. By end of June the monsoon arrives and lasts almost 3 months.

The Himalayas remains hidden behind the rain and clouds. The downpours create floods and landslides occasionally at lowlands. The monsoon ends by mid September and immediately the crispy air brings in autumn with clear blue skies.

CLOTHING: From Mid September-March: Light is fine in Kathmandu valley. For evening and morning, heavy woolen sweater or a padded anorak/jacket will be needed. Special gear required for Trekking can be hired or bought in Kathmandu or Pokhara. From April to September, only light clothes, preferably cotton are needed in Nepal.

Time: 5hrs. 45min. Ahead of GMT.

ECONOMY: Nepal is predominantly an agricultural country. The agricultural sector absorbs more then 80% of the total labor force of the country and 18% of the total land area has been brought under agricultural operation. The contribution to GDP at current price from this sector in 1998/99 to be only 46%.


MONSOON SUMMER: (Mid June-Mid September) From mid June till mid September trails are slippery, with heavy overcast sky, humid heat and leeches. Only areas which fall under rain shadow i.e. Manang, Mustang, Northern Dolpa are recommended during this period.

EARLY AUTUMN: (September 15-15 Oct), The monsoon ends with very bright sky. The countryside is fresh and lush green. Khumbu, Rolwaling, Hongu Valley, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna Regions are best at this time of the year.

AUTUMN: (15 Oct- 20 Nov), The very best season for treks to all parts of Nepal. Perhaps little crowded due to high season. But the weather is climatic factor makes it the best time to visit Nepal.

WINTER: (Nov-Feb) Winter arrives in Kathmandu by mid Nov. Low –level treks within elevation of 3500m.are best at this time of the year due to good sunny weather and very little rain. But one should avoid crossing high passes after first week of Dec due to snow. Khumbu, north of Kathamndu (both Helambu and Langtang), Pokhara valleys Trek, Ghorepani Circuit are all good trips to be considered at this time of the year.

SPRING: (March) spring arrives when we reach the month of March. Little early for crossing high passes, but excellent time for Helambu, (not crossing Gosaikkunda Pass) Langtang Khumbu, Pokhara Valley and Ghorepani area.

2nd HALF SPRING (April): Excellent time to trek to Milk Danda and Makalu base camp for rhododendron and varieties of wild flowers in full bloom. The temperature starts getting warm and afternoon clouds and shower in most places. Low elevation of Pokhara starts getting hotter and quite hazy day by day, Khumhu offers excellent area for the hikes. It would be better to fly to Lukla as the walk from Jiri can be disappointing due to haze.

PRE-MONSOON: (May & June) The two pre-monsoon months are heavy with heat and haze at lower elevation. The trek at this time of the year should be at higher altitude to avoid the heat. The areas that are recommendable at this time of the year would be Khumbu (both way fly in and fly out) Rolwaling, Hongu, Langtang with Ganja La Pass and Annapurna Circuit.


You will be woken with a cup hot of tea brought to your tent at round 6 am, followed by a small bowl of warm water for washing. Then, before breakfast, you will pack up your belongings bearing in mind that your sleeping bag will also have to fit into your Duffel bag. Roll up your sleeping mat and it in its stuff sack and ensure that your tent is free of rubbish and ready for next camp. Your duffel bag will then to taken and tied up with other gear into a load, which head off early with the porters and will not be available to you until camp that evening. We are usually on a trial by 7:30am latest and, following a good morning’s walk we stop for lunch around 11am. Lunch is usually a 2hour break to allow for the group meal followed by the staff meal. This also enables you to do your washing in the warmest part of the day and catch up on your diary or reading. The afternoon walk is little shorter and camp is usually struck by around 4 P.M. Please keep in mind that these timings are general trial conditions Weather availability of suitable campsites and water supply may affect them greatly at any time.


For people on our longer and more remote treks we feel we must reiterate that walking times and indeed the general trek routine may alter at any time. Trial and weather conditions in these high altitudes and inaccessible areas are extremely difficult to predict and trekkers often have to feel their ways, asking locals as they go and making decision on routine and pitching camps as the moment dictate.

Our Sardar are very experienced in these areas and will always err on the side of safety and whilst this may occasionally be frustrating we are sure that you will understand and offer them your co-operation. The high altitude and remote Himalayan region should never be underestimate. Similarly, it should be realized that on longer treks. In many areas we must rely totally on what we can carry with us, as there are no villages at all and we are far from any fresh food supplies. However we are confident that, having chosen one of these treks, you will be prepared for uncertainties and challenges.


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Himalayan Culture treks office in Kathmandu co-ordinates the whole operation in Nepal and is responsible for ensuring that your tri

Himalayan Culture Trek has devised a policy of using local people as sardars as we believe that this is the best way for you to again an insight into the area and culture. With the exception of some high altitude and remote area treks, which will generally be led by a westerner, most treks

Will be led by a Nepal for whom the mountains are there home and with years of experience and sound first-aid training, who better than a local to show you the Himalayan region?

Trekking staff will generally consist of your Sardar, Cook and Kitchen staff, Sherpa guides and Porters. This self contained em can take you safely to the remotes regions of Nepal and offer an opportunity to spend time with the Nepalese on a daily basis. They can be a little shy at first but a smile and a joke will soon open them up. After that, you will find them excellent company and a great fun!


Nepal has only been opened to the West since 1950 and despite the veneer of Westenisation it is still a very traditional and religious society. As guests we must respect this and respond sensitively. Whilst the Nepalese will never rebuke you for unknowingly them it is always desirable to try to respect as many of their customs and beliefs as you can.

During your stay in Nepal the following, at least, should be observed:

1.   acceptable to local people and we advice women to wear lightweight skirts or trousers. Tops, which expose the shoulders, are similarly unacceptable.

2. Nudity is totally unacceptable, so please wear a swimsuit when bathing.

3. Over public displays of affection are discouraged.

4. When entering any Nepalese home, monastery or temples always remove your shoes.

5. Most Hindus will hesitate to eat food that has been touched by a foreigner.

6. It is extremely offensive to throw rubbish into any cooking fire.

7. For religious reason Nepalese people are offended by being touched on the head and similarly never direct the soles of your feet a person or a religious shrine.

8. Many Hindu temples may not allow entry for non-Hindus, so always ask permission.

9. Begging is a harsh reality of life in the third World but it is something, which the Nepalese believe should not be encouraged, especially by Westerners who do not understand when it is appropriate to give. Giving money to street beggars should always be avoided. Handing out pens, balloons and sweets to children in the villages, albeit with the best of intention by. Tourists/trekkers only decrease their respect for us and is to be strongly discouraged.

10. Last but least, remember that in Nepal punctuality has little meaning and patience and a sense of humor are great assets. Leave your watch at home and take things as they come! Once you have become accustomed to the pace of Nepal you are likely to reassess your frantic Western schedule!


          We all recommended that each trekker keep a small bag in their daypack and in camp to              collect personal rubbish during the day. Each morning a small fore will be made           ornon-biodegradable-e.g. Batteries and plastics bottles should be kept and taken back to Kathmandu.

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US$: 200 will generally be enough for the duration of your trek. The amount required in Kathmandu for meals, sightseeing and transport will generally be covered by about US$ 30 a day. For shopping the amount will vary greatly from person to person. If you are contemplating larger items-carpets, jewelry etc up to US$: 500 could be spent.Carry your money in travel cheque, such as American Express or Thomas Cook. Local bank traveler’s cheque is very difficult to cash. Traveler cheques are most convenient in US$: Keep a separate record of your cheque number to assist with quick replacement should you lose them. Traveler cheque may be cashed most easily at major hotels and it is generally not possible to cash them out of Kathmandu. On arrival we recommend that you wait until arriving at the hotel to change money as the bank at the airport is usually very crowded and the exchange rate difference is negligible.When receiving Nepalese currency always check that none of the notes are TORN, as locals will not accept them. Also try to ensure when exchanging money that a proportion of your local currency is in small denominations, as in smaller villages the locals are something unable to change 50-100 RS notes.

Please Note: When exchanging money at bank or hotels always ensure that you are given an exchange receipt as this is essential for reconverting your Rupees to foreign currency on your departure. A maximum of 15% of the total exchange can be converted to dollars on departure.


Tipping is a completely personal and optional matter. But for those who wish to tip and /or consider the service exceptional the following is recommended as a guideline.In Kathmandu 10-20 RS. for bellboy, waiters and porters is appropriate. At the end of a trek, if your group things that the staffs have done an outstanding job, a group tip would be greatly appreciate. Your Sarder wills advice you in more detail regarding this matter. However, is an overall guide we offer the following suggestion- short treks RS. 200-300 from each group member and on longer treks RS.400-500. For trips including rafting an extra 200 RS per group member can added. Individual tipping should be avoided unless in the cash of some very special service.


All passports, all tickets, valuables, excess cash and travelers cheques are to be left in Himalayan Culture Treks safe during your trek. Whilst on the trek your money and camera should be kept with you at all times. Do not leave them lying around unattended in camp or along the trail. Theft is not a major problem in Nepal but it is a poor country it is always best to be alert and take appropriate precautions.

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These are your responsibility and are not included in your tour costs. The departure tax from Nepal is RS: 1000 for international flights and RS: 100 for Domestic flights.


Himalayan Culture Trek will organize your trekking/climbing permits on your arrival in Kathmandu, as part of the tour cost. However you must bring with you 2 passport – size photograph per trek for your trekking permit. If your includes rafting you will need an additional 1 photograph for the rafting permit.


It is necessary to take out a personal insurance policy to cover you against sickness, accident, loss of baggage, cancellation and in the unlikely event that you need emergency evacuation by plane or helicopter due to illness or accident. From our experience no insurance policy will cover you for any sections on trips involving use of ropes or any trip going above a base camp.


For treks going above 3500m we are very careful with acclimatization to altitude. Our trekking schedules have been carefully designed to minimize the effects. We ascend slowly and ensure an adequate number of rest days to enable safe acclimatization. It is still possible for mountain sickness to occur, so a close watch is kept on each group member by the sardar, who is trained in recognizing early symptoms of acute mountain sickness. These Symptoms include, nausea, lethargy and in extreme cases ataxia or loss of co-ordination and serves breathless- ness on rest. A mild headache and breathless- ness are not uncommon at altitude but in combination with any of these symptoms could be dangerous. So, please make sure that you inform the sardar immediately. It is essential at altitude that you fluid intake up and it is important that you drink at lest 4 liters o liquid per day.

Your Sarder cans advice you more thoroughly regarding altitude problems. If you wish to know that more about acute mountain sickness a pamphlet is available free from the Himalayan Rescue Association in Kathmandu or refer to any of the trekking books in our Recommended Reading list.


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Company profile | Trekking information | Trip Booking/Terms & condition
Sight seeing & religious tour | trekking In Nepal | Tibet Tour | Bhutan | Home

For more details please  contact:

Himalayan Cultural Treks & Expedition (P). Ltd.
Post Box No: 1968
Phone No: 476118/484626
Fax No: 977-1-476119
Bouddha Tinchuli, Kathmandu, Nepal.
URl: www.catmando.com/hicten